Nova Scotia is a rugged peninsula that is attached to the eastern seaboard of Canada and faces the Atlantic Ocean. The area is an outdoor lover's paradise. Nova Scotia has over 3000 small lakes, with a coastline that extends for over 7500 km and 100s of islands that are scattered in the ocean. The major island that is part of the Nova Scotia landscape is Cape Breton Island. One of the National Parks, Cape Breton Highlands National Park is located on the island of Cape Breton. Through the center runs a mountain range that is a remnant of the Appalachian Mountains. The mountains stretch along the Cape Breton Highlands and the highest peak rises to 1,755 feet. A scenic area is located along the Cabot Trail that winds along the northern coastal area of Cape Breton Island.

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In Wolfville
B&B Sleeps 14
Rates 80 - 160 CAD
Kayak Cape Breton & Cottages
Cottage Sleeps 5
Rates 75 - 85 CAD
Ocean Mist Cottages
Cottage Sleeps 6
Rates 109 - 185 CAD
The Rum Runner Inn
Hotel Sleeps 32
Rates 69 - 169 CAD
Smugglers Cove Inn
Hotel Sleeps 52
Rates 89 - 179 CAD
Mermaid Close Cottage
Cottage Sleeps 6
Rates 186 - 186 CAD
Old Orchard Inn & Spa
Hotel Sleeps 170
Rates 90 - 225 CAD

Nova Scotia Vacations: Things to see while on vacation in Canada

As one of the most beautiful places in the world, Nova Scotia has long been a place where people came and never left. The cultural charm, and rugged beauty that surrounds this small province has allowed it to flourish in today’s competitive tourism market. No matter if you are staying for a few days, or a few weeks, Nova Scotia has something to offer everyone. In this article, we are going to be looking at the geography of the area, the culture of Nova Scotia, the history of the province and some of the landmarks that you have to see during your visit.

Nova Scotia Geography

Nova Scotia sits on the far east of Canada and is connected to the rest of the country through New Brunswick to the North West. To the North East lies Cape Breton Island, connected to the mainland by a causeway that has opened up the island to year-round tourism. Running down the middle of the province is a section of low-lying mountains and rolling hills that are part of the Appalachian Mountain Chain. One of the major features of the province is the Bay of Fundy. Fundy is infamous due to its truly massive tidal changes that have been called the world’s largest highest vertical tidal range. Over 110 billion tons of water flow in and out of the bay over a twelve house tidal period. Finally, Sable Island is also part of the province and has become infamous for two reasons. First, it is often referred to as the Graveyard of the Atlantic due to a number of shipwrecks that have happened on this island that sits 160 km off of the cost. Secondly, the Sable Island horses have become infamous due to their status of being a wild horse pack, one of the only in North America. Climate-wise, the province has mild winters and mild summers. You should expect the temperature to be around the freezing mark during the dead of winter, and to experience 20-25 degree temperatures during the summer with high humidity.

Nova Scotia History and Culture

Nova Scotia has long been a home to people, and the Mi’kmaq have been in the area since people have first called North America home. Their art, music, and spirituality can be seen as a founding stone for the province that now calls their traditional lands home. The first Europeans in the area were French Canadian and were called Acadians. No matter where you look, their influence on the food and the arts can be seen practically daily from Halifax to Louisburg. As well, Nova Scotia enjoyed immigrants from the Gaelic speaking nations, black loyalists from the United States and the Maroons of Jamaica. Each of these groups allowed for the province of Nova Scotia to become the bedrock of Canadian and Acadian culture that it is today. From food to the arts and even the infamous Nova Scotian Crystal, Nova Scotia is truly a mosaic of cultures that create a masterpiece.

As previously mentioned, the Mi’kmaq people have called Nova Scotia home for more than a couple of thousand years and did not see European contact until at least the 15th century (might have been some Viking contact in the 10th, but that is yet to be confirmed). Although the French were the first to discover Nova Scotia, the French would soon be joined by the English on the small province. France and the United Kingdom would continue to battle for control until 1750’s when France ceded the territory to England, and the Acadian population was expelled to other colonies. Nova Scotia under the British would continue to utilize its natural resources to feed the growing Upper and Lower Canadian provinces as well as European expansion. Through the cod fishery, lumber camps, and shipbuilding, Nova Scotian became infamous for its resources. During the two world wars, Halifax and Nova Scotia as a whole became the send-off point for Canadian soldiers and supplies to Europe. In fact, the largest man-made explosion, at least before the nuclear bomb, happened in Halifax when an ammunition ship ran aground and caught on fire after a collision in the harbour. Today, Nova Scotia continued to turn to its past, and make a better future for itself. The area has large potential offshore gas reserves, the shipbuilding industry is alive and well and the tech sector has seen a recent bump in activity.

Nova Scotia Landmarks

Peggy’s Cove
This infamous lighthouse has been working for over a century and has become a landmark for the province. The Peggy’s Cove lighthouse stands at the entrance of St. Margaret’s Bay and has been keeping watch over the point since 1915. The lighthouse sits on worn granite and offers a picturesque landscape perfect for those who want to take in an amazing sunset. You will also be able to experience the surrounding town and watch the lobster boats come into the harbour after a day on the Atlantic.

Lunenburg
A uniquely Nova Scotian experience, that is what you will get when you visit the beautiful town of Lunenburg on the edge of the Atlantic. This UNESCO World Heritage Site features narrow streets, unique architecture and the bright colours that have become famous in Nova Scotian port towns. As well, the town is home to the infamous Bluenose II, a replica of the famed racing schooner that can be found on the Canadian dime.

Cape Breton Highlands National Park
A little more than a day trip away from Halifax, Cape Breton Highlands National Park is truly one of the best national parks in the country. With its steep cliffs and deep river canyons, the park has numerous scenic look-offs and stopping points. With 26 hiking trails, 6 beaches, 24 look-off points, 8 campgrounds and countless waterfalls, the park has it all. Plus, if you like the links, Highland Links offers a competitive Par 72 course and winds its way across the bluffs overlooking the Atlantic and Gulf of Saint Lawrence. Whether you are coming through Cheticamp or Ingonish, Cape Breton Highlands National Park is waiting for you to experience its beauty.