Cumbria is located in the northwestern part of England and was once an ancient Celtic kingdom. The region's most famous attribute is the rolling hills and mountains that surrounds England's famous Lake District. The Lake District is one of the first National Parks established in England. It has amazing scenery that includes villages in the midst of a lush countryside that is covered in a patchwork of farmland and surrounded by beautiful mountains and lakes. Some of the highest mountains in England are located in this district and poets have made this area their home mainly for the inspirational landscape. Wordsworth roamed the hills and wrote "I wandered lonely as a cloud". And while living in the Lake District Wordsworth was so inspired by the scenery that he wrote almost 400 poems about the hills, mountains and villages in the area. The Lake District National Park has been ranked among the top places in England for natural beauty and has been known for inspiring writers, artists and musicians for centuries.

Destinations for Cumbria vacations

Ideas for Cumbria vacations

GEOGRAPHY OF CUMBRIA DESTINATIONS

Cumbria is a county in North West England that is located just south of the border with Scotland. It has a coastal walking path that extends for 182 miles along the shoreline facing the Irish Sea. In the center of Cumbria is a mountain range where you will find the Lake District National Park which contains numerous lakes and mountains. The region encompasses the Lake District National Park, the western section of the Yorkshire Dales and the western portion of the Pennines Mountain Range. It's coastal border faces the Irish Sea and the Isle of Man.

HISTORY AND CULTURE OF CUMBRIA DESTINATIONS

Various cultural and linguistic groups have settled in the area known as Cumbria. They include Celts, Romans, Angles, and Vikings. The original inhabitants of Cumbria and much of England were the Celtics, tribal groups that existed back during 500 and 100 B.C. They were not an official political organization but rather a group of tribal affiliations. Then came the Roman invasion and they built Hadrian's Wall which was mainly built as a defensive barrier along the northern border.

The Romans lead by Julius Caesar landed in Britain in 55 BC. The Romans considered the northwestern region as a defensive advantage for their military forces. They then built several castles and forts in the area: Birdowald, Ambleside, Hard Knott, Ravenglass, Crosscanonby, Wigton and Plumpton. In 1066 William the Conqueror , also known as the Duke of Normandy invaded and conquered Cumbia. He was a Viking who became the 1st ruler of Normandy. the next group to invade England was the Normans also known as Vikings. By 875 the Vikings had taken over Cumbria.

WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
William Wordsworth found inspiration from the natural scenery of Cumbria and there are numerous sites where he lived in various places. Many of the buildings have been donated to the National Trust.
“Allan Bank in Grasmere” was built in 1808 by the Wordsworth family. The current building has been totally restored.
*Rydal Mount was home to the Wordsworth family from 1813-1850 is surrounded by fields of daffodils and is occupied by the descendants of William Wordsworth.


LANDMARKS OF CUMBRIA ENGLAND

*Lake District National Park - Lake District National Park extends over 912 square miles and is the largest park in England. Within the Lake District Park there are 16 lakes with Lake Windermere being the largest lake and Brotherwater being the smallest lake. In addition to the 16 major lakes there are 7 minor lakes or mountain lakes that are called “Tarns” which is Norse for “pool”. The National Park extends to the coast.

*Scafell Pike, standing at 3,209 feet, is the highest peak in all of England and can be found in Cumbria.

*Hadrian's Wall run for 87 miles along the border between England and Scotland in the counties of Cumbria, Northumberland and Tyne. Hadrian’s Wall is a defensive wall that was built by the Roman Emperor Hadrian in 120’s AD. The wall was not impenetrable, and forts were built every 7 miles. The wall extends for 73 miles from Wallsend to Bo The purpose of the wall was to provide a defend the Romans against the possibility of being invaded by Scots. The wall was considered the most northern part of Roman Empire

*Explore the Hill Top House, which is the former home of Beatrix Potter and is now managed by the National Trust.