Bavaria is called Bayern in German and it is the largest state (Land) of Germany, meaning this is the whole section on the southeast of the German territory. On the north, Bavaria has boundaries with Saxony and Thuringia states. On the east, it is with Czech Republic and then on the south and southeast the neighbor is Austria. On the west, there are the states Hessen Munich (München) and Baden-Wurttemberg. The capital city is Munich, the total overall area is 70.550 sq. km. (or 27.240 sq. mi.), and the data for population dating from 2011 claims 13,000,000 people for the region.

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Falkenstein Apt.
Apartment Sleeps 4
Rates 60 - 80 EUR
Family Biersack
Apartment Sleeps 4
Rates 62 - 144 EUR
Hotel Lampllehen
Hotel Sleeps 12
Rates 35 - 60 EUR
hotel Brunnenhof
Hotel Sleeps 150
Rates 84 - 147 EUR
Am Kräuterbichl
Apartment Sleeps 4
Rates 30 - 70 EUR
Schwarzachtal Home
Apartment Sleeps 2
Rates 26 - 26 EUR
Pension Sonnenschein
B&B Sleeps 9
Rates 20 - 20 EUR
Sonnenwinkel
Apartment Sleeps 2
Rates 60 - 100 EUR
Alpenhotel*** Tauernhof
Hotel Sleeps 80
Rates 50 - 80 EUR

Bavaria Vacations: Things to see while on vacation in Germany

Bavaria Geography

The country Bavaria has plateaus that are unique and high, with mountains of medium size. The north has more extremely high plateaus and basalt knolls too. On the northwest side is the Main River that conjoins with Rhine. The topography is a bit different and varies on the southeast side, with many stratified land scenery, from the Swabia-Franconia with red marl and shell limestone, also to the hill country side of Franco-Rednitz Basin, then the limestone mounts of Jura (Franconian) near the river Danube that makes a division to Bavaria to north and south sections. On the east of Bavaria, there are the Bohemian and Bavarian forests and there is the Franconian forest on the North. On the south side of river Danube, there can be seen a plateau where the capital Munich is positioned at. Beyond this point there are the Bavarian Alps. The part (share) of the Alps that belongs to Bavaria is full of wood peaks that reach even a few thousand feet – and beyond them there are ridges of great steepness and plateaus that are high (Allgauer Alps on the east and Berchtesgaden Alps). Their highest point is 9.718 feet (or 2.962 meters), the Zugspitze, otherwise also known for being highest point in all of Germany. The climate in Bavaria is continental, which most middle-Europeans would find it to be a bit harsh, but there are exceptions to this of course, like the valley Lower Main. Bavaria has magnificent farms that are fully mechanized. For example, the Gauboden Plain is a farming.

Bavaria History and Culture

Earliest inhabitants here were Celts, followed by Romans and their colonies. Bavaria is called that way due to the tribe that was on that territory. Later, in the 7th and 8th century, Christianity arrived in Bavaria by the Scottish and Irish monks. After Bavaria entered the Holy Roman Empire it was also depopulated by Hungarians. The Hungarians later were defeated by Otto, which lead to their cooperation in the future. Then the Wittelsbach dynasty started with Otto Wittelbach when he got the territory of Bavaria. But, the real Bavarian founder was Otto’s son, Louis I. In 18th century, Bavaria was attacked by the Spanish and Austrian wars. After it was supportive of the anti-French coalitions, it became an ally to France and expanded territories at the Austrian land. Later, Napoleon meddled with Bavarian freedom with all traditions removed by the bureaucracy.

Bavaria became a republic in 1918, proclaimed by Kurt Eisner and it became parliamentary state in 1919. During the Nazism period, most of the Bavarians supported Nazism, but the rest opposed this policy. Bavaria becomes a federal republic in 1948, when it turns from agricultural to industrial. The Germans started promoting Bavarian brands like Puma, Adidas and Siemens AG.

After WWII, there were major religion changes in Bavaria, with a great influx of Protestants, so by 21st c. most of the people were Roman Catholics, followed by Evangelical Lutherans. If the gross output is seen in detail, two fifths of it during the 21st c. was from handicraft and industrial items only. There were also trade and transport and other services that accounted for the majority, followed by forestry and agriculture too.

After this war period, the government also wanted more industries, so Bavaria had more success at this than the rest of Germany. Munich got popular for being the largest Bavarian industrial center with high technologies and a big transport hub. People there made electrical and optical equipment, motor vehicles, machinery, aircraft and clothes as well. The other industrial areas are Nurnberg, Erlangen and Furth. In Nurnberg, there is electrical manufacturing and machines (like precision instruments and heavy equipment too). In Furth, there is metal processing and in Erlangen there is more focus on economy and electrical engineering. Bavaria can pride with manufacturing aerospace equipment, textiles, chemicals, beer, toys, foods and ceramics/fine china.

Culture and folk arts are still important in Bavaria to this day. There are many famous and popular festivals here all year long and the most famous is the Oktoberfest – where people gather for music, German beer, sausages and festivities. Make sure to try the Bavarian pretzels with dough twisting and salt on top, served with beer and a grunt! Next is the Weisswurth or ‘white sausage’ made of ground veal and bacon. The Schweinshaxe is a dish of roasted pig knuckle with the skin still on, crispy baked and seasoned, with the most tender meat underneath it. This is served with potato dumpling and can weigh 5-10 pounds. If you like meat, make sure to try the Schnitzel. This is just a piece/slab of meat, hammered flat, seasoned and cooked. The Sauerkraut is the salty/sour shreds of fermented cabbage.

Bavaria Landmarks

The Neuschwanstein castle is a massive, white castle in Romanesque style and is the most popular palace in Europe. Its foundation and rock walls must be secured and monitored, but its setting is ideal and perfect. It was made to be a home for the King. The architecture here is perfectly planned and the outward design shows both antique style and modern Gothic one.

The Munich Residenz was a Government seat for the dukes of Bavaria, as well as kings from 14th to 18th century. It was primarily built as castle and later it turned into a palace with extended gardens and buildings out in the town even. The interior shows Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassicism (Rococo) style. This is the largest Bavarian museum complex by far.

The Nymphenburg Palace in Munich is blending the best of architecture and garden design, being basically a work of art by itself. The building of this palace started in 1664. When Max Emanuel reigned, the palace had extended residential buildings and side galleries; later the palace was modernized in French style with the country house being a summer residence. Inside can be seen art from Baroque and Classicism period.

Next is the Englischer Garden or English Garden and this is the biggest urban park worldwide. There were changes to the layout, and often too, so more buildings and green spaces were added with time. It was called an English park since the layout style was exactly as the English people had their layouts. These days, the park is full of joggers, cyclists and other leisure type activists too.

The next location to see is the amazing Marienplatz Square in Munich and it offers many exciting views. Do not miss the Cuckoo Clock, the lovely cafes and restaurants and prehistoric buildings. If you lack time, at least make sure to see the New Town Hall and Old Town Hall, and the interesting Column of St. Mary with its Glockenspiel (clock tower with figurines). The New Town Hall is in gorgeous Gothic style and the Old Town Hall is in 15th century style.

To be amazed with vintage charm, luxury, modern cosmic-style elegance and BMW cars, visit the BMW Welt and BMW Museum. The architecture and colors are astonishing with a look resembling a residence in the cosmic future. Here you can marvel at the gorgeous style and of course, the legendary cars.

The Allianz Arena is maybe the best arena for football to this day. The stadium is in unusual style and unique outlook. There can be seen even professional football players here occasionally. With a guide, the tour for this arena will last no more than an hour.

Also, do not miss the Lake Konigssee is the most beautiful, deepest and cleanest lake Germany has. In the past, royals and rulers used its outdoors for recreation and leisure time. The notorious Hitler was boating here and Eva Braun, his wife, was sunbathing on the shore area. The water is perfectly clear and will not require too much hiking. This lake is 5 miles long and is quite narrow, like fjords, since it was shaped by glaciers. In the summer, you can try smoked and freshly caught trout and whitefish, straight from the lake.