Spain Vacations

Spain occupies the majority of Iberian Peninsula, which is the most south western region of Europe and is divided from the rest of Europe and France by the Pyrenees Mountains. The capital of Spain is Madrid with a metropolitan population of 6.5 million. Spain's form of government is a parliamentary monarchy, in which the monarch has the title as "head of state" and a prime minister is considered "head of the government". Historically, the country of Spain has been claimed by the Phoenician, Greek and Carthaginian and Moors. It wasn't until the 15th century that Spain became a unified country. Over the next several centuries Spain became a global empire claiming territory in North and South America, Asia, and Africa. The interior of Spain is mainly mountains that slope down to some of the most popular beaches in Europe. Costa del Sol and Costa Brava plus the Canary Islands. Some top destinations in Spain are: Granada with the beautiful Sierra Nevada mountains and the famous Alhambra or the medieval town of Cordoba with its whitewashed plazas and courtyards. Plus not to miss, Barcelona, where you can experience the architecture of Antoni Gaudi. History, culture and beautiful beaches make Spain a popular tourist destination.

Spain Vacation Rentals and Boutique Hotels

Spain Vacations: Things to see while on vacation in Spain

Spain Geography

Spain represents the official kingdom of Spain or Reno de Espana and this is a sovereign state that has its location on the Iberian Penininsula of the southwest of Europe with its 2 archipelagos; Balearic Islands of Mediterranean Sea and Canary Islands of the Mediterranean Sea or precisely of the North-African Atlantic Coast. On that side, the north side there are the main laind and some islands of Alboran Sea near Morocco.

Spain’s mainland is bordering with the south and east of Mediterranean except a small land section to Gibraltar on north and north east – to France, Andorra, Bay of Biscay; to the west and northwest Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. This is the only European country that has a border with the African country Morocco and that African territory accounts for a part of the population (Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla).

Spain is a mountainous land with high plateaus and chains of mountains. The mountain ranges are Cordillera Cantabrba, Sistema Iberico, Sistema Central, Sierra Morena, and Sistema Betico. There the highest peak is 3.478 meters high – Mullhacen, on Sierra Nevada. Overall, the highest peak of Spain is Teide with 3.178 meters as an active volcano in the Canary Islands. There are some major rivers in Spain as well; Guadalquivir, Tagus, Ebro, Guadiana, Douro, Segura, Jucar, Minho and Turia.

There are 3 climate zones overall.
1. Mediterranean climate. Warm, hot, dry summers seen in the peninsula. This is more seen in Andalusia. The winters are relatively mild and cold, and summers hot or rather pleasant. The differences are quite distinguishable. There is even a division of cold-winters and warm-winters.
Next, there are hot summers with cool winters on the north-east of Spain. There is alos more rainy days here.
2. There is also semi-arid climate on the south part pf Spain. This is seen in Murcia, south of Valencia that also had hot dessert climates. This is also seen inValencia.
3. There is oceanic climate too. This is in the north part of the country and the Iberian system, but also the Pyrenean valley, with more humidity and influences of the ocean.

Spain History and Culture

People have lived on the Iberian Peninsula for 500/000 year and this was during the time of the Neanderthal man that came 200.000 years ago. Modern species of humans arrived in 40/000 years ago. Thousands of years ago, Celts and Iberians had made their settlements here, and after them the Phoenicians had managed to make their cities and building here especially for tin and silver trading.

The Romans had controlled Spain for 3 centuries. Then, Visigoths had fought for Spain and took it over by the Romans, so they controlled Spain for 2 centuries further on.

In the 9th century, Visigoths became Arian Christians, and after them the land was won by Muslims, Berbers and Arabs. Roman Catholics fought for Spain to take it away from the Muslims. There were Crusades against Christians like the Cathars.

Then during the period known as when the era of the "Catholic Monarchs" began when Fernando and Isabel married and began their rule. This era began in 1469 and was known as the "Inquisition" and all other forms of religion, Muslim, Jews and Non Christians were driven from Spain.

Spain Landmarks

The city of Cuenca
Cuenca is located between Madrid and Valencia and is a perfect example of a medieval city, located on steep mountain sides with ‘hanging houses’ located on the cliff edges – making this area unique. Enjoy the lush greenery, landscapes almost Heavenly and take a deep breath.

Palacio Real is the Royal Palace in Madrid and is the official residence of the King of Spain, but is used mainly for ceremonies. This Palace was built from 1738 to 1755, so King Karlos III took this as the official residence in 1764. It is grandiose, marvelous and has a massive square in the front.

La Concha is a natural windswept beach area that is surrounded by steep cliffs with narrow paths and small islands located just off the coast near San Sebastian. This is by many, the best beach Europe has to offer. Here you can enjoy surfing, hiking, walking and even visiting some good restaurants, cafes and enjoy the perfect beaches.

Segovia Aqueduct
The Aqueduct of Segovia is the best-preserved monument of the Roman influence in Spain. This monument carries water 10 miles from Frio River all to Segovia. It was built with 24.000 massive rocks of granite and no mortar. Probably made in 50AD, today it still provides water for the city, but this was mostly during the 20th century.

Rock art of the Iberian Peninsula
The rock art stretches up and down the western region of Spain and there are 1,000s of examples of the art. The paintings are thought to have occured between 8,000 BC to 3,500 BC . Over 300 sites have been identified with these art works exist.

Architecture by Antoni Gaudí
Antoni Gaudí was a world renown architect from the Catalonia region of Spain. His designs were very dramatic and modern. The majority of his architectural designs can be found in Barcelona.

Casa de Pilatos
Casa de Pilatos is a 16th century Palace and beautiful gardens in Seville, also known as the Royal Ducal House of Medinaceli.

Old Town of Cáceres
The Old Town of Cáceres is a village surrounded by walls that encloses architecture from the Moors and Christians. Roman, Arab, Jewish and Christian alike have lived in the village. The village is famous for its 30 Islamic Towers plus Gothic and Italian Renaissance influence in their architecture.

Royal Palace of Aranjuez
The palace was the royal residence for the Spanish Royal Family. It functioned as the Spring residence of the Royal Family.

Church of Sagrada Familia
Sagrada Familia this is a massive Catholic Church in Barcelona and is the most visited landmark of Barcelona and Spain. Designed by Antoni Gaudi, from Catalonia. This project lasted 40 years until his death in 1026.