Czech Republic Vacations

The Czech Republic is surrounded politically by Germany, Poland, Austria, Switzerland, and Slovakia. It's culture dates back to the Roman Empire when the region was known as Bohemia and continued by that name under the the Habsburgs’ Empire. Under communist rule, the name was changed to Czechoslovakia. Prague is one of the most popular destinations in Europe due to it's cultural and political influence through the centuries. Prague has numerous museums, theatres, galleries and cinemas. It was also the capital the Holy Roman Empire and Bohemia's capital. The country became famous for their Bohemian crystal during the 16-17th centuries. Czech crystal chandeliers are known for their high quality and also hang in many famous royal palaces, opera halls and museums.

Czech Republic Vacation Rentals and Boutique Hotels

Czech Republic Vacations: Things to see while on vacation in Czech Republic

Eastern and Central Europe have long been ignored by those who travel with the mainstream travel books. One of the largest countries that are often skipped is the truly amazing Czech Republic. This gorgeous country has been on the top of many bucket lists, and for good reason. A weekend in the Czech Republic will quickly showcase why so many have fallen in love with this place. Now makes sure to pack some great hiking shoes, and get ready to experience architecture that you will have to see to believe. In this article, we are first going to look at the geography of this nation, then move on to the history and culture that you will get to experience while in the Czech Republic. Finally, we will move to the landmarks that you cannot miss when on vacation in this truly beautiful place.

Czech Republic Geography

This landlocked country is one that consists of numerous hilly plateaus and is surrounded by low mountains. The country is bordered by Poland to the north, Germany to the west, Slovakia to the east and Austria to the south. The country is also surrounded by low mountain ranges, those being the Carpathian, Ore, Sudetic, and the Sumarva ranges. The highest point in the country is Mt. Snezka which is located in the Sudetic Mountains which reaches a height of 5259 feet on a good day. The western half of the country is considered Bohemia. Bohemia consists of a low lying basin that is continuously drained by both the Elbe and Vltava Rivers. While the eastern half of the country is Moravia, which consists of hilly land and is drained by the mighty Morava River. The country also has the Oder River running through its northeast section, which gives an easy merchant route to the Black Sea. The country does lack natural lakes, but the nation has built reservoirs for agricultural purposes to prevent draughts. There are more than 125 artificial lakes that have formed in enclosed river valleys that dot the country.

Czech Republic History and Culture

The Czech Republic has had a storied past, and no matter where you look, history will be easy to find within the nation. The nation has over 1000 years of history, and has had to change shape, and be reshuffled countless times throughout. The Kingdom of Bohemia was the first major establishment, which came to power in the 13th and 14th centuries. Utilising its multitudes of cultural, economic and dynastic links, the kingdom flourished and was eventually opened to the Germanic rulers of the Holy Roman Empire and allowed German colonization of the many rich lands. Then, the Austro-German regime started, which would rule over present day the Czech Republic from 1526-1918. In 1918, the Czech Republic and Slovakia would be combined to make Czechoslovakia which would last, albeit under communist and Nazi rule, until 1993. The country then split again and resulted in the present day the Czech Republic with the capital located in Prague. Today, the Czech Republic is included in the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and the European Union.

Czech Republic Landmarks

*Jubilee Synagogue
Built in 1906, this gorgeous synagogue is one of the largest Jewish places of worship in Central Europe. The building is a striking example of modernist architecture and was built to commemorate the Emperor Franz Joseph I’s 25th Anniversary. Up until 2008, the synagogue was only for those who wished to worship within its sacred walls, but today the temple has been opened to those who wish to view its beauty and wonder. The synagogue was heavily damaged during World War II, but the restoration efforts since have saved this wonderful building for all to witness.

*Charles Bridge
Prague’s Charles Bridge is a remnant of the late Charles IV, the King of Bohemia from 1346 to 1378. He was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, and under his reign, the bohemian culture experienced a renaissance and spurred on a revitalization of the artistic, musical and literary output of the country. The bridge was finished in the early 15th century and survived a number of historical dangers including multiple shelling attempts and two world wars. The tower which sits alongside the 1600-foot-long bridge is one of the finest examples of Gothic architecture in Europe. You will also notice the over 30 statues of baroque style that decorate the bridges outer edges. The bridge is also the only bridge that crosses the river Vltava in the city, so it should not be hard to find!

*Karlsejn Castle
Located roughly 20 miles outside of Prague, the beautiful Karlstejn Castle calls to many visitors. This castle was constructed under Charles IV and exemplifies the Gothic style that was so infamous under his reign. The castle was in fact sieged by the Hussites in 1422, which is infamous as one of the first uses of biological warfare in recorded history. The Hussites launched plague-ridden bodies over the castle defences to attempt to end the siege. Today, the castle is a popular attraction and draws thousands of people to its doors. You will need to take a guided tour to get inside the castle, but the grounds are accessible for free to the general public.