Poland is a central European country that has a coastline facing the Baltic Sea and geographically located between two great political European Countries: Germany and Russia. Over the centuries, those two great powers have exerted considerable control over Poland. But Poland has fought to retain its political and cultural identity which have been in existence for centuries. Its capital was located in Krakow from 1038-1956 and the city is the site of Mary’s Basilica, a 14th-century Gothic church. The rulers of Poland have called Krakow home for centuries. During the 1300's these rulers built the Royal Wawel Castle which is today a UNESCO Heritage Site. Popular holiday destinations in Poland are 1) Masurian Lake District 2)The Tatra Mountain Range 3)The Baltic Sea.