US Caribbean Vacations

The US has two main Caribbean Regions: Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. These two different groups are located near each other. The US Virgin Islands are part of the Anegada Passage where the shipping for the Panama Canal passes. The islands that are part of Puerto Rico are located in the Mona Passage shipping lane of the Panama Canal. Both groups of islands are located in the Caribbean Sea. The islands of Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands were at one time a part of the Spanish West Indies.

Destinations for US Caribbean Vacations

Ideas for US Caribbean vacations

GEOGRAPHY OF US CARIBBEAN VACATIONS

The US Caribbean Islands that fall within the jurisdiction of the United States are Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands. These islands are located in the Caribbean Sea. They are due north of Venezuela and just east of the island of the Dominican Republic. The most eastern Virgin Island, St John just borders the British Virgin Islands. Both the US Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico are not states and are considered to be unincorporated territory. The distance from the center of Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands is approximately 112 miles

These islands fall into a region called the West Indies which is a range of islands that separate the Gulf of Mexico from the Caribbean Sea. They form an arch of islands that stretches between Venezuela and Florida. This arc extends for 1200 miles. A further subdivision of this group is broken down into the Greater Antilles and the Lesser Antilles. The Greater Antilles includes the islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Hispanola and Puerto Rico. While the Lesser Antilles consists of the Virgin Islands, Anguilla, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat, Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Barbados. The third group of islands are Trinifad, Tobago and South American shelf

Along the southern end of these Caribbean Islands is the Caribbean Sea which is formed by the Colombia Basin, the Yucatan Basin and the Nicaragua Basin in the south. Several ridges rise up to form the string of islands - The Nicaragua Ridge, the Cayman Ridge,

These islands are surrounded by the Caribbean Sea, which is a part of the Central American Sea.

HISTORY OF US CARIBBEAN VACATIONS

The Monroe Doctrine (December 2, 1823) enacted by President Monroe had a major influence in preventing foreign countries from gaining influence in an area that was close to the United States. In effect, the Western Hemisphere was closed to further colonization by European Powers.

CULTURE OF US CARIBBEAN DESTINATIONS

Puerto Rico has a definite Spanish influence as the Spanish occupied the island from 1493 to 1898 after the discovery and landing by Christopher Columbus.

The US Virgin Islands were originally settled by Danish Traders from the Danish West India Company. The islands were ultimately sold to the USA in 1916 by Denmark in the Treaty of the Danish West Indies.

LANDMARKS OF US CARIBBEAN VACATIONS

* Buck Island Reef National Monument - Located off the coast of St. Croix where you will find a coral reef system that covers 704 acres.

* Hassel Island. is seperated from the mainland of St. Thomas and is National Park Service

* Ponce de León, who search for the "Fountain of Youth" is is buried at the site of Old San Juan Puerto Rico an old church and castle.

* Blackbeard's Castle is a military facility built in 1679 by the Danes; U.S. Virgin Islands National Historic Monument.