Australia Vacations

Australia, The Land Down Under. This island lies between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean in the southern hemisphere. The name Australia comes from the Latin name for areas in the southern hemisphere, Terra Australis, and was formally named in 1824. Australia is the only country to take up its own separate continent, and is the sixth largest country in the world. Its total area is almost 3 million square miles with a population of more than 24 million that call it home. The country is divided up into six states, so there is loads to do and see in this beautiful country. The Australian Outback is a singularly unique area to see at least once in your life, with a dry and flat landscape. Besides that, Australia possesses one of the longest coastlines in the world. Since the country is almost as large as the United States, it has many varied regions, from large green fields to rainforests to beaches, as well as big cities such as Sydney. Australia is also one of the best places to get seafood, with good fisheries and an extra large fishing zone. It also produces a large amount of wine in every style. Lastly, the people are singularly unique with their own personal take on the English language. At first, their slang might be hard to grasp, but that just adds to the country’s charm.

Australia Vacation Rentals and Boutique Hotels

Australia Vacations: Things to see while on vacation in Australia

Australia Geography

Australia is the world’s smallest continent, however it is the sixth largest country by total area. It sits in the Southern Hemisphere, between Antarctica and Asia. This large country has many of ‘the world’s largest’. The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef, made popular for kids by the Pixar film Finding Nemo, and Mount Augustus is the world’s largest monolith, located in Western Australia. It is surrounded by the Indian Ocean, Coral Seas, Pacific Ocean, Tasman Sea and the Southern Ocean. Generally, Australia is low and flat.

Australia is the largest country in Oceania, and consists of the Mainland, Tasmania, and several smaller islands. Due to its large size, Australia’s climate is diverse, however it is typically dry. There are tropical mountains in the northeast, but the centre is covered in desert.The most popular tourist destinations are Sydney, Melbourne and the Gold Coast. Sydney is the capital city and the most populated one. Melbourne is the hub for arts and culture and is the second most populated city. The Gold Coast is known for its surfing and nightlife, and this city will host the 2018 Commonwealth Games.

Australia History and Culture

The native Australians, or the Aboriginals, were interrupted in the late 18th century, when the British came to settle. It is thought the Aboriginals’ ancestors migrated from what is now Southeast Asia between 65,000 - 70,000 years ago. The Aboriginals had, and continue to have, strong spiritual values. Before the Europeans invaded there were approximately 250 Aboriginal languages. Today, around 90 of these are still spoken, and 20 are spoken fluently by indigenous children.

As for the name of the country itself, its name is derived from the Latin ‘terra australis’ which means ‘southern land’. This name was used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times, so when Europeans began visiting and mapping this land in the 17th century, this name seemed appropriate. However, until the 19th century, Australia was most commonly known as New Holland, a name applied by Abel Tasman. The country’s name was slightly ambiguous until 1824, when Australia officially became Australia.

Austrlia Landmarks

*Sydney Opera House
Catch glimpse of the famous Sydney Opera House. If you’re only in Australia for a short stay, the Sydney Opera House should top the list. This is one of the most famous and distinctive buildings in the world, and is often the first thing that pops into someone’s mind when they think of Australia. The building was built in the 70s and was designed by Danish architect Jorn Utzon. This multi-venue performing arts centre hosts over 1500 performances every year, and is attended by over 1.2 million people.

*Bondi Beach
Explore the most famous beach in Australia, Bondi Beach in Sydney, and watch Bondi Surf Club that has patrolled the beaches for over 100 years.

*Ayers Rock
Another famous landmark in Australia is Uluru. Also known as Ayers Rock, Uluru is a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory in central Australia. This rock is sacred to the local Aboriginal people, and it has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Uluru is home to many waterholes, springs, caves and even ancient paintings. This is one site that’s definitely worth the drive

*The Twelve Apostles
The Twelve Apostles are 12 magnificent rock stacks that rise up from the Southern Ocean. It’s a dramatic site and is a treat for geologists. These rock stacks were formed from the constant erosion of limestone cliffs and harsh winds, beginning 10-20 million years ago. Drive along the Great Ocean Road near Victoria for some amazing scenery and see where the limestone cliffs and ocean have etched out a dramatic scenery.

Take a boat and go diving in the Great Barrier Reef