Panama Vacations

Panama stretches between the Americas with the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Gulf of Panama to the south. The capital of Panama is Panama City with a population of 410,000. Within the country of Panama are 7 indigenous groups that represent 13% of the population. The indigenous groups are Ngäbe, the Kuna, the Emberá, the Wounaan, the Buglé, the Naso Tjerdi and the Bri Bri. The narrowness of the country lead to the creation of the Panama Canal via the US Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. The completion of the canal allowed tankers to travel from the East Coast to the West Coast without sailing around the southern most point of South America, Cape Horn. In 1903 the USA signed a treaty with Panama to obtain permission to built the Panama Canal and the USA retained sovereignty over the Panama Canal until it was transferred back to Panama on December 31, 1999. On either side of the Panama Canal are huge stretches of natural rainforests which are popular destinations for exploration. The northern coastal area is covered in three mountain ranges: Talamanka Mountains, Central Mountains, and the San Blas Mountains. If you are searching for the perfect beach in Panama, then explore some of the numerous remote islands that are part of this country; San Blas Islands, Coiba Island, Bocas del Toro Islands, The Pearl Islands or the Isla Barro Colorado.

Panama Vacation Rentals and Boutique Hotels

Panama Vacations: Things to see while on vacation in Panama

Panama is another one of those countries that should be placed very high on your bucket list. This beautiful country caters for everyone, from the adrenalin addicts to the nature lovers, to those who just prefer laying on the beach and soaking up the sun with a few cocktails.
This Nature rich environment of Panama is all about exploration and discovery. You will be able to explore ancient ruins of the Spanish forts, the quetzal hiking trail with screeching monkeys, ferry rides, zipping through the beautiful lush forests and swimming with the turtles. For such a small country like Panama, you have a vast playground to explore.

Panama Geography

Panama is located in the central region of North America which borders the North Pacific Ocean and the Carribean sea between Costa Rica and Colombia. This area is approximately 772km in length and between 60 a 177km in width. The highest point of the Panama area is the Volcan Baru which rises to approximately 3 475meters above sea level. Volcano Baru is a volcano which has been inactive for millennia. However, it offers breathtaking views o the Atlantic and Pacific ocean.

Panama is a tropical climate area with summer months that deliver approximately 29? Celsius during the day and winter months that average around 24? Celsius during the day. Because of Panama’s climatic region, it receives about 3000mm of rainfall per anum which is mostly during the winter seasons. Rain is an often more substantial in this area because of the Caribbean temperature. Those that plan on visiting the country during hurricane season will be pleased to know that Panama falls just outside of the hurricane belt.

There is an abundance of Flora and fauna in abundance in the area which is mostly lush forests, grasslands, crops, and scrubs. In the area because of the tropical environment. The terrain of Panama is primarily steep mountains with upland plains, rolling hills, and a vast coastal region.

Panama History

Saling alongside the coast of Isthmus of Pana, Rodrigo de Bastidas was the first European to prospect the Isthmus of Panama in 1501. One year after his arrival Christopher Columbus explored eastward from Central Central America, Bosca del Toro, the Chagres River and Veragua. Soon after that Spanish explorations moved to the more central areas of Panama. In 1510 Santa Maria la Antigua del Darien, the first permanent European Settlement was founded on America's leading land. Martin Fernandez de Enciso and Vasco Nunez agreed in an area close to the Tara River. Later Balboa was named the mayor of the first municipal council on the mainland. In 1513 Balboa confirmed the claims that the indigenous people of the Panama area had another coast to the Southwest of that location. As Balboa was the first to see the Pacific Ocean he decided to name it the South Sea. In 1519 the Pedrarias moved the capital Castilla del Oro to the Pacific Ocean coast where they founded Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion Panama which made it the first European settlement on the Pacific shore. In 1524 Gil Gonzalez Davila was sent northward to explore which led to Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba to settle in that region in 1524. Governor Pedrarias agreed to the authorization of the expedition by Conquistadors Diego de Almagro and Francisco Pizarro which led to the discovery of the Conquest of the Inca Empire that is presently known as Peru.

Panama Landmarks

• The Panama Canal
The Panama Canal is a man-made 77kilometer waterway in Panama which connects to the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean. The canal blocks out the Isthmus of Panama which is essential for the conduct of the international maritime trade. There are locks on either side of the channel which minimised the excavation that was needed. The Canal is approximately 26meters above sea level which allows the lowering of the ships on the other side. In 2007 the third waterline with locks was constructed which allowed the commercialization of the canal.

• Panama Viejo
The Panama Viejo is the remains of the old part of Panama city which was the former capital of the city. The Panama Viejo was declared a world heritage site in 1997 along with the historic district of Panama. In 1671 the Welsh pirate Henry Morgan ordered the attack on the jungle. Captain General Don Juan Peres de Guzman then ordered the gunpowder magazines which exploded and resulted in the city that got destroyed in the process.

• Volcan Baru
The Volcan Baru is an ancient inactive volcano located 35 kilometers from the border of Costa Rica and towers 3 475meters high. The narrowness of Panama allows you to view both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean from the top of the peak on a bright day.

• Marine Exhibition Centre of Punta Culebra
The Punta Culebra Nature Centre is located in Panama City and is connected by the Amador Causeway. This Centre studies the terrestrial, marine science conservation and the interpretation of the coastal marine environment. Among the fields of studies are touch tanks with turtles and some frogs.

• Centennial Bridge of Panama
The Centennial Bridge was opened in 2004, and it is one of the major crossings of the Panama Canal. It was initially built to take the pressure off some of the overcrowded Bridge of the Americans and also to replace it as a Pan-American Highway carrier. This bridge is the second permanent cross path of the canal.

• Soberania National Park
The Soberania National Park is located close to the banks of the Panama canal and 25 kilometers from Panama City. This park has 525 bird species which makes it the mecca for bird watchers. The 105 wildlife species include the mantled howler monkey, white-faced capuchin monkey, Geoffroy’s tamarins, three-toed sloths, two-toed sloths, southern tamanduas, agoutis, white-nosed coatis and the green iguanas.

• Chagres and Frot San Lorenzo
This structure which was once a primary Atlantic port of Panama is now an abandoned historical site. The ruins of the fort and the village are located 13 kilometers west of Colon which overlooks the mouth of the Chagres River.