Mexico Vacations: Things to see while on vacation in Mexico
Mexico's Pacific Coast is famous for its beach towns which include Acapulco, Puerto Vallarta, Mazatlán, and Manzanillo. The beaches are a popular destination for Mexico vacations. Mexico's Pacific Coast was made even more famous by the movies which used Mexico's beaches and mountains as a backdrop for their settings. The most famous of the movies was "Night of the Iguana" staring Richard Burton and Ava Gardner.
The Baja Peninsula is a unique landmass that extends from the southern border of the United States and is separated from the main landmass of Mexico by the Gulf of California. The Baja Peninsula is know for its unique migratory species such as the Great Grey Whale, Mexico's Sea Turtles and Mexico's Whale Sharks. The majority of vacation rentals in Mexico that are located on the beach are found in the Baja Peninsula or in the coastal towns of Puerto Vallarta, Mazatlán and Acapulco.
The Yucatan Peninsula today includes the states of Quintana Roo, Campeche and Yucatan. It is a region that has been heavily influence by the Mayan civilizations that existed in the area. Some of the famous Mayan cities are Chichén Itzá. The famous tourist town in the Yucatan peninsula are Cancun and Tulum.
In the center of Mexico is the District of Mexico City which is located in the "Valley of Mexico" and surrounded by mountains and volcanoes. The "Valley of Mexico" has been the location of civilizations for centuries. There are archaeological sites within the "Valley of Mexico" that date back to the Aztec civilizations.
The culture of Mexico has been dramatically influenced over the centuries by numerous civilizations. Mexico is the worlds largest Spanish speaking country, but before the arrival of the Spaniards, indigenous cultures ruled Mexico for centuries. These ancient cultures blend with Mexico's history and modern society creating a diverse culture. During 1500 BC, the Olmec culture was establishing communities and cities. The Olmec's main food crops were traditional foods that are still popular in modern Mexico Society; corn, beans and chili peppers. The Olmec society was replaced by the Mayans, Teotihuacan and Zapoltec civilizations around 600 BC. In 900 AD the Toltec society replaced the Mayans and took control of the Valley of Mexico until the rise of the Aztecs in 1325 AD. Indulging in a vacations to Mexico provides an opportunity to enjoy the combination of Spanish culture combined with the indigenous cultures of the Mayan, Incas and Aztec civilizations.
It was not until 1519, when Cortez arrived in the Yucatan Peninsula he brought ships and supplies and 450 soldiers that he takes control of Tenochtitlan and destroys the Aztec city and builds Mexico City, that the culture of Mexico took a dramatic change. It was that turning point that has contributed to Mexico being the largest Spanish speaking country in the world
The original indigenous cultures, that had lived in the region for centuries, revolted during the Mexican Revolution in 1910. The existing government had been based on a dictatorship. Many of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution were by birth part of the indigenous groups that had been oppressed by the Spaniards. And their names became synonymous with the revolution. Francisco Madero, Pascual Orozco, Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata were some of the more well know revolutionaries of that era. Many people plan a vacation in Mexico because of these unique cultures.
Scattered across the countryside are the remnants of the indigenous civilizations. The ruins of Teotihuacán are located 50 KM northeast of Mexico City. Mayan ruins can be found in the region of Quintana Roo. In the town Santiago Tuxla Veracruz you will find ancient Olmec head weighing 40 tons.
Beside the unique cultures that are part of the history of Mexico, the country is known for it's beautiful beaches. Quintana Roo is known for the resort towns of Cancun and Cozumel. Further south in the Guerrero Region, you find the beach towns of of Acapulco and Ixtapa. Another famous Mexico beach destination is Manzanillo in the district of Colima. No wonder a vacation in Mexico is so popular.