Netherlands Vacations

The Netherlands is a European Country with a coastline facing the North Sea, that is sometimes referred to as Holland. The Netherlands shares a border with Germany and Belgium. One of the most unique and charming attribute of The Netherlands are the series of canal systems that surround Amsterdam and other towns. The history of the canal system does not involve a romantic purpose but was necessary because Amsterdam and other towns were located below sea level and were prone to flooding. Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Nijmegen, Den Bosch, Delft, Bruges, Antwerp were all built facing the north and had to survive the fury of the North Sea. The canal system helped with controlling the constant flooding and provided a method of transportation. Another icon of the countryside of the Netherlands are the dramatic windmills and the landscape is dotted with over 1,000 windmills that once helped pump the water off of the land and back into the North Sea.

Netherlands Vacation Rentals and Boutique Hotels

Netherlands Vacations: Things to see while on vacation in Netherlands

Netherlands Geography

The Netherlands is a country in the western part of the European Union. The country has a very flat landscape with few mountains and 25% of the landscape is below sea level. The North Sea has had a huge impact on the country and its influence can be seen by the numerous canals and bridges that have been built in an attempt to prevent the North Sea from eroding the landscape. The landscape is relatively flat with 25% of the land is below sea level.

Netherlands History and Culture

The country is official known as the Kingdom of the Netherlands. "The Hague" is the seat of the Netherlands government while its capital is located in Amsterdam. The official language of the Netherlands is Dutch which is closely related to German. The Netherlands is one of the most densely population countries in the world. There are 12 provinces within the Netherlands political boundaries. Their government political body is ruled by Dutch royal family.

During the 16th and 17th centuries the country was famous for its large merchant and shipping fleets and which was one of the largest in the world. During this era there were 4 (four) Sea Wars between England, France and the Dutch Republic for control of the oceans. Dutch East India Company was the name of the trading company that was established to profit from the trade of spices found in Asia and Africa. The company established trading posts in Indonesia, India, Japan Taiwan, Thailand and Malaysia. In Africa they established tradings posts in South Africa and Mauritius.

During the 1600's is also became known as the Dutch Golden Age. The country was extremely successful and was at the top of European trade. This prosperity sparked a interest in the arts and the Golden Age of Painting was born. This was probably one of the highlights in Dutch culture with many famous painters emerging from that era. The subject of the paintings were not religious and evolved into paintings of landscapes, portraits and still life. Many famous impressionistic painters were from the Netherlands. Two of the most famous are Vincent Van Gogh and Rembrandt. Two artists who changed the style of painting.

The modern culture of the Netherlands evolved into a secular society that did not form any alliances or ties to any religious organizations. As such their society is very liberal in the acceptance of other lifestyles and cultures


Netherlands Landmarks

Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout
Kinderdijk-Elshout - A series of 19 windmills and canals that were built in the Middle Ages and function in conjunction with a series of dikes, canals and mills that were designed to help prevent flooding. The system also functions as to provide irrigation and drainage method for the surrounding landscape.

Rietveld Schröderhuis
An ultra modern house that was built in 1924 by architect Gerrit Thomas Rietveld is an example of the modernistic architecture. The house is very small but it is considered to have had significant influence on the modern movement of architecture. It was a part of the De Stijl movement which was a modern artist movement that was popular in the Netherlands.